Efforts have been made since 1992 to raise awareness about the increasing water pollution around the world and this year, during the ‘Earth Summit’ in Rio de Janeiro, this issue was covered by international media and international observers and scientists. In view of the importance of oceans to the world and human life, ‘World Ocean Day’ has been observed on June 8 every year since 2009, highlighting various important issues related to water pollution. is attempted.
Marine life has been affected the most by this increasing plastic pollution in the oceans, only in the North Atlantic Ocean, up to 24 thousand tons of plastic are being added every year, which has the most marine life, very small pieces of plastic. The ‘microfibers’ are swallowed whole by small fish as food, which causes respiratory distress and sometimes immediate death, otherwise these small fish are eaten by larger fish. Microfibers are transferred to their bodies, usually causing them to bloat and within a few days they are unable to eat anything else. According to a general estimate, 80% of the fish and shrimps that are supplied to the markets from the seas around the world have plastic fibers in their bodies, which are transferred to the human body in the form of food and cause various diseases.
There are many rare species of aquatic life in Pakistan, but due to lack of provision of better facilities by the government, the aquatic life is dying. Due to polluted water from several factories, waste and garbage from leather factories, the aquatic life in the river Sutlej is being harmed and hundreds of fishes, snakes and other aquatic life are found dead on the banks. According to a report, millions of tons of garbage are dumped in the Rawal Dam in Islamabad every day, which is the cause of the death of aquatic life in the dam. Fishermen use poison in the water to hunt fish. Fishes are hunted, but many other aquatic life also die and this method of hunting fishes is religiously forbidden. According to the administration of the irrigation department, due to the blockage in the canals, clean water is not coming in the canal due to which the aquatic life is dying.
According to the report of International Union for Conservation of Nature, 105 species of non-human species are in danger of extinction due to environmental pollution in Pakistan. According to the report, 30 types of fishes are under serious threat due to pollution.